The poker blind amounts and minimum bet sizes for the game apply even if a player in the blind position does not have enough chips to post the minimum. This means that the blind position player must move all-in and subsequent players post the game minimum as usual.
In any given round all players will play in the button position and all players will post blinds.
In poker games with a moving button, the button will progress from player to player and blinds will be adjusted as necessary.
In poker games with a "dead" button, the big blind will be paid by the players in turn as normal, but the button itself and the small blind may be positioned at an empty seat. This is to ensure that all players get to act last on successive hands.
In heads-up poker games, the small blind will be on the button position.
Should a new player join a poker game already in progress, they may either wait for the big blind to reach their seating position, or they may opt to play immediately and post a sum equal to the size of the big blind with their first hand. This rule does not apply to low-ball games (see Rule 12.7).
Should a new player join a low-ball poker game already in progress, they may either wait for the big blind to reach their seating position, or they may opt to play immediately and post a sum equal to two time the size of the big blind with their first hand.
A player who misses blinds and rejoins the game can opt to wait for the next big blind or pay a sum equal to all blinds that have been missed and play immediately.
A player who misses blinds due to pausing to rebuy is not exempt from Rule 12.8 because he is not treated as a new player when rejoining the poker game.
Any new player may allow the big blind to pass them by once without being viewed as having missed a blind. Rule 12.8 is therefore not applicable to this player.
Should a player who has missed a blind be dealt in without paying the sum required by Rule 12.8, their hand is considered dead if they have not yet acted on it. If they have acted on it then they must pay the sum required by Rule 12.8 before the next hand.
Individuals who are playing over are viewed as new players and must wait for the big blind or post a sum as detailed in Rules 12.6 and 12.7.
A new player may not be dealt in if they are positioned between the big blind and the button. Instead, they must wait for the button to pass.
The big blind is considered the opening bet in a poker game. The player posting the big blind has the right to raise on his next turn.
Players posting a regular blind are entitled to raise at the first official opportunity to take action, even if a preceding player has moved all-in with a sum lower than the minimum raise.
Any individual who draws for the button before a new poker game is considered to be immediately active in that game and will therefore be liable to adhere to Rule 12.8 if they miss any blinds.
If the blind has not yet passed the seating position of a new player, that player will not have to post a blind until the button has travelled a complete circuit around the table.
If a player wishes to change his seating position, they will not have to pay a penalty if the blind has not already passed the new seat position.
If a player wishes to change his seating position in a poker game with multiple blinds, he will be dealt in when he reaches the same or an earlier play position. For example, if he moves four seats away from the big blind, he must wait four hands before being dealt in. If he does not wish to wait then he may pay a sum equal to the big blind and be dealt in immediately. If a player moves closer to the big blind then he may be dealt in immediately without penalty.
A player who plays in the button position and then changes seats can avoid having to pay an extra blind by waiting for the blind to pass the new seat once so that he can be dealt in behind the button.